Architecture

The architecture monuments count 369 objectives, representing 72,21% of the total historical monuments in the county. Based on their value, they are of A category, of national and universal importance, the rest of them being of local and regional importance.

The treasury of this category of objectives is very rich and includes both civil constructions and religious ones. It is noticeable that in Gorj, in the urban and rural settlements, a large number of old houses was preserved, valuable for the age and style they were built in. Alongside those, the 92 wooden churches are impressive, they are included in the cultural heritage and mosty located in rural areas. Their position in less accessible places and theiir frail state of conservation leads to only a small number of them being included in rural tourism. Of those that are of real interest to tourism, we mention:

  • County capital Târgu Jiu – civil monuments: old prefect building (1875), four houses (1930-1938) build based on the plans of architect Julius Doppelreiter, namely: County Library building (1929), Regular School (Spiru Haret College – 1924), „Tudor Vladimirescu” College (1896-1898), serdar I. Chiriţă Corbeanu`s house (XVIII century), Tribunalul Judeţean, stil neoclasic (secolul XX), clădirea actualei Prefecturi (1898), house of architect P. Antonescu, hoouses with the architecture of  XVIII-XIX centuries, houses founded by: Barbu Gănescu, Dimitrie Măldărescu, Protopop Andrei Schevofilax, Constantin Brăiloiu; religious monumets:”Lordly Cathedral” (1748-1764), with external paintings, „Saint Nicholas” church, NeoByzantine style (XVIII century), „Saint Apostles” church (1927-1938);
  • Novaci – Saint Dimitri wooden church, XVII century;
  • Târgu Cărbuneşti – wall church, „Saint John the Baptist” (1780), original interior paintings; Lărgeşti (Târgu Cărbuneşti town): small church of Logreşti (1718), today in ruins;
  • Baia de Fier –Petru Flondor and Ioan Mihuţescu domains, houses and annexes (XX century), well preserved; „All Saints” church (1749-1753), original paintings, perimeter wall;
  • Bălceşti (Bengeşti – Ciocadia commune) – houses I. Sârbu, I. Avramesc, (XX century); Saint Ilie church (1732), with the original fresco;
  • Bărbăteşti (Bărbăteşti commune) – houses C. Bărbătescu, P. Sburle, (XIX century);
  • Bengeşti (Bengeşti – Ciocadia commune) – group of old houses (centuries XIX- XX), the school building with well, credit union building (XX century), „Sfinţii Voievozi” church (1729), with original fresco and perimeter walls;
  • Bâlteni (Bâlteni commune) – houses Schileru, old school building (XX century), Saint Vasile and Saint Emperors church (1826);
  • Copăcioasa (Scoarţa commune) – houses P. Dobran, I. Popescu (XX century), wooden church „Good News” (1769);
  • Cloşani (Padeş commune) – wooden church „Rising of the Lord`s Mother” (1763);
  • Cârligei (Bumbeşti Piţic commune) – wooden church „Descening of the Holy Spirit” (1763);
  • Glogova (Glogova commune) – group of buildings belonging to Glogoveanu family (XVIII century), manor type house, modernised and with a specific destination, the church of „Saint Nicholas” (1730);
  • Glodeni (Bălăneşti commune) – wooden church „Adormirea Maicii Domnului” (1772), wooden church „Cuvioasa Paraschiva” (1728), wooden hill cellars (XIX century);
  • Hobiţa (Peştişani commune) – wood church „Entering the church” (1828), one of the founders was Constantin Brancusi`s grandfather.
  • Larga (Samarineşti commune) – manor house I. Davani (XIX century), wall church „Saint Ilie” (1826);
  • Plopşoru (Plopşoru commune) – peasant mill (XIX century);
  • Pocruia (Tismana town) – wooden church „Saint Andrew” (XVIII century);
  • Pojogeni (Târgu Cărbuneşti town) – three wooden churches (XVIII-XIX centuries), well preserved;
  • Polovragi (Polovragi commune) –Polovragi Monastery (centuries XVI-XVIII), founded by D. Părăianu, symbolic of „Adormirea Maicii Domnului”, Brancoveanu style, museum collection of icons and old books; wooden chhurch „Saint Nicholas” (1806);
  • Scoarţa (Scoarţa commune) – group of old houses with annexes, XX century;
  • Bumbesti-Jiu – Lainici Monastery, centuries XVIII-XIX, founded by a few noblemen families, symbolic of „Entering the Church”, with a collection of holy objects and old books (a new church for the monastery is being built);
  • The houses and mansions are an important component of the civil architecture made of wall and that gradually makes room in the architecture of market towns and small Gorj cities starting with the end of the XVIIth century.
  • Cornea Brăiloiu Ensemble, from Vadeni district of Targu Jiu, is one of the oldest and most representative buildings for Gorj County. It is made of the house (palace), church with the symbol of „Adormirea Maicii Domnului”, stables (ruined by the end of the XXth century) and the permeter wall. The house was built on a core of the XVIth century by Cornea Brailoiu, great Nobleman of Craiova, using the massive brick celars as base and with the help of the workers that had built his brother-in-law Constantin Brancoveanu`s palace at Potlogi. The church houses an exceptional painting, and was restaured in the past years, bringing a very valuable fresco to light.
  • Cartianu Housr, dates from the end of the XVIIIth century, and was based on the Manor from Cartiu. Afterwards it was transformed by adding some balconies which provided a special volume to the building, and thus it became a reference monument of Romanian architecture. The monument was restaured and it houses now an interesting museum for the Gorj are popular costumes.
  • Barbu Gănescu Housefrom Târgu-Jiu, Victoria Square no.1, is a Neoromanian style construction built on a base dating from 1790. At the end of the XVIIIth century, this belonged to Barbu Ganescu. Ion Barbulescu, old Governor of the National Bank, restors it drastically and refurbishes it in 1929 under the surveillance of architect Julius Doppelreiter, who contributes to the exterior decorations and the divviding of the rooms.
  • Dimitrie Măldărescu House, from Târgu-Jiu, Tudor Vladimirescu St. No.36, belonged to Gheorghe Maldarescu in 1719, who is known as its founder. In the meantime, the building served many purposes. It was home to the first school of the modern history of Gorj county schooling system (1832) and the location of the first theater played in Targu Jiu (1834), both initiatives belonging to the teacher Constantin Stanciovici-Branisteanu.
  • The administrative buildings and the ones housing public schools are an irrefutable presence amongst the historical monuments of Gorj county.
  • Târgu Jiu City Hall, Constantin Brancsi Boulevard no.16, was buit in 1932 based on the plans of architect Tasc Ciulei. The building was built for the Apprentices dormhouse and the skilled workers corporation from Targu Jiu. A few noticeable figures of the era were present at the festivities for placing the foundation rock: Grigore Iunian – former minister of work and justice, D.R.Ioanitescu –  active minister (at that time) of work and scial services, Stavri Cunescu – engineer, general secretary at the same department and Mihail Enescu, general director of the Central Crafts House.
  • The communal palace from Targu Jiu, Victoria Square no.2-4, today houses the Prefect Institution of Gorj county and the Gorj County Council. The project was designed by architect Petre Antonescu and the plans for the work were layed out in 1896 by architect Teoharie Dobrescu, who was also the entrepreneur of the work carried out by engineer Ion Poienaru. The construction began in 1897 and the foundation stone was places on August 22nd 1989. On May 28th 1901, the mayor of Targu Jiu, Titu Frumusanu, entrusts the final touches on the building to architect Dimitrie Maimarolu, this being carried out in August 1902. The exterior and interior decorations were made Maur style and give a certain uniqueness and monumentality to the building in which a phone line will be shortly installed in (1904) and for which a tower clock will be purchased (1905).
  • “Tudor Vladimirescu” College, Unirii St. No.29, was founded in September 1890 under the name The Real Secondary School. The construction of the current building started in 1891, based on the plans of architect Th. Dobrescu, by the antrepreneur Constantin Bartteli and it was finalised in 1894, when it was officially opened with the aprticipation of Public Instructions ministry, Spiru Haret. Alongside the secondary school, it was the headquarters of the Ceramics school open by the secondary school`s principle, Iuliu Moisil and the chief engineer of the county, Aurel Diaconovici, and also for the County Museum, the first museum in Romania of this type, open in 1894 on the initiative of a few renokned intellectuals of Gorj county: Alexandru Stefulescu, Iuiu Moisil, Aurel Diaconovici, Vitold Rolla Piekarski. The institution is named Tudor Vladimirescu by royal decree in 1897. W emust underline the expansions that have been made, based on the need to develop Gorj schooling system, that were entirelly compliant to the initial architecture.

A characteristic of the Oltenia architecture are the Manors. Starting with the XVIIth century, those fortified buildings appear, allowing the small noblemen to protect and surveil their territories. In Gorj county history mentions 24 such constructions, out of which only 3 hold their original shape today: Cornoiu Manor in Curtisoara, Cioaba-Chintescu Manor from Siacu, Crasnaru Manor from Groserea, Aninoasa commune. Those can be added the manor-house from Glogova, that was built on the foundation of a manor. These constructions hae a unique character given by diminishing the needs for confort in favor of those for protection, as well as for the fact that they are only present in Oltenia and Arges, and similar constructions are to be found only in the Balcans throughout Europe.